Tuesday, April 13, 2010

Botanical Garden / Jardim Botânico

The Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden was founded on the 13th of June 1808 by John VI, the Prince Regent at the time, when the Royal Family came to Brazil. Originally intended for the acclimatization of species like nutmeg, pepper and cinnamon, imported from the East Indies, the garden was opened to the public only in 1822 and now is open every day, except 25th of December and 1st of January. The park lies at the foot of the Corcovado Mountain, far below the right arm of the statue of Christ the Redeemer and contains more than 6,000 different species of tropical and subtropical exotic plants and trees, including different varieties of palm trees. The place was designated as a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1922. Besides having many different species of trees and plants, the garden has also three greenhouses with a great variety of orchids, cactus and bromeliads, and many monkeys and birds. There are also a visitor center, a museum, a medicinal plants collection, a gift shop, a coffee shop and a theatre, all in the middle of the garden!

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O Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro foi fundado em 13 de junho de 1808 por D. João VI, Príncipe Regente na época, quando da vinda da família real portuguesa para a corte brasileira. Originalmente criado com a função de aclimatização das espécies trazidas das Índias Orientais, tais como pimenta, noz-moscada e canela, o jardim foi aberto ao público somente em 1822, e agora funciona diariamente, com exceção dos dias 25 de dezembro e 1º de janeiro. O parque se localiza aos pés do Morro do Corcovado, sendo acolhido pelo braço direito da estátua do Cristo Redentor, e conta com mais de 6 mil espécies exóticas de árvores e plantas tropicais e sub-tropicais, inclusive com uma enorme variedade de palmeiras. O espaço foi designado Reserva da Biosfera pela UNESCO, em 1992, . Além de ter muitas espécies de plantas, há também três estufas com uma grande variedade de orquídeas, cactus e bromélias, e também macacos e pássaros. Para completar, o parque oferece um centro de visitantes, uma loja de souvenirs, uma coleção de plantas medicinais, um museu, uma cafeteria e um teatro, todos dentro do jardim!


















7 comments:

Wawan said...

Beautiful place, let alone rain has rarely occurred. Your country is beautiful

magicdarts said...

Hi Paul here (aka Magicdarts) - thanks for the add on blogcatalog - what a great subject for a blog about a part of the world I would dearly love to visit - looking forward to reading much more in the coming weeks and months!

nothingprofound said...

Beautiful pictures. I love the long colonnade of trees and imagine myself walking among them, and the nude sculptures which reminded me of a Matisse painting.

Christelle said...

I love your country already! Beautiful pictures, the flora & founa is amazing! Thanks so much for showing us!

Vania Moreira said...

Hello dear friends Wawan, Magicdarts, Nothingprofound and Christelle!

I'm very happy to have your visit and so nice comments here!

Yes, finally the rain has gone and this inspired me to post new sunny photos in my blog!

Yes, the long colonnade of palm trees is really amazing, is my favorite place in the park, together with the Japanese garden. The place is a green oasis in the middle of many buildings and grey streets. What is more, it is only 3blocks away from my house!

Please folks, come back to my blog whenever you have time because I'll post more beautiful photos of my beloved Rio to inspire you to visit not only my blog, but also my city!

NENSA MOON said...

Very beautiful place to visit.
and the pictures were so amazing...
really love all....well done...

Vania Moreira said...

Thanks Nensa! It's really a nice place to visit, a paradise in the middle of the crowed city. And it has so many birds, and flowers, and green!